Blood pressure naturally fluctuates, but the variability can make you prone to attacks in the long run.
According to a recent British study, blood pressure that varies from gauge to gauge can put you at risk of heart attack and stroke.
The results of the study have been published In European Heart Journal.
According to it, fluctuations in blood pressure in people with hypertension are more harmful than stable hypertension, which is controlled by drugs. Even if the blood pressure is at the recommended level, fluctuations in the values increase the risk.
It is normal for blood pressure to vary slightly at different times of the day. It is affected by many things like workload, monitoring and diet. However, the long-term effects of blood pressure fluctuations are unclear.
In previous studies Among other things, highly fluctuating blood pressure has been found to be associated with an increased risk of developing cerebral hemorrhages.
In the study, this was seen regardless of which direction the blood pressure readings varied.
The exact reason for the increased risk is not known, but according to estimates, frequent fluctuations in blood pressure can harden the arteries or weaken the function of the inner surfaces of the blood vessels.
The drug leveled the variance
A recent study followed more than 8,000 hypertensive patients for more than 20 years. The majority of participants were male, with a mean age of 64.
The researchers found that subjects' systolic blood pressure (top pressure) varied by at least 13 mmHg from one measurement to the next several years, which strongly predicted the risk of atrial fibrillation, heart attack and stroke.
The risk increased no matter which direction the value moved.
About half used amlodipine, a calcium channel blocker, for their high blood pressure. According to the study, the drug in question better reduces blood pressure fluctuations. It was considered a better choice for preventing heart attacks and strokes than beta blockers. Diuretics such as thiazide drugs also had some effect on fluctuating values.
Not only should patients' treatment focus on measuring blood pressure, but researchers also consider how values vary from measurement to measurement. According to them, more research is needed in the future to determine which are the best drug options for widely varying blood pressure values.
There is blood pressure Health Library Normal when below 130/85 mm Hg. About two million Finnish adults have high blood pressure.
Most of the increase in blood pressure is caused by lifestyle and aging, but the cause can also be hereditary.
High blood pressure usually causes no symptoms. Only very high values can cause headaches or dizziness.
High blood pressure is usually tried first with lifestyle measures, and if those don't work, medication is started. In the past, medical treatment was required, for example, in patients with diabetes and severely elevated values.
Blood pressure medications do not cure high blood pressure, but they reduce the risk of diseases caused by high blood pressure. Along with regular use, salt reduction and other lifestyle treatments are important.
Treating high blood pressure is important because high blood pressure damages arteries and significantly increases the risk of heart disease and cerebrovascular disease.
Pharmacological treatment includes ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor and calcium channel blockers, diuretics and beta blockers.
In lifestyle therapy, losing excess weight, not smoking, reducing salt, exercising, and adding fiber and vegetables to the diet are important.
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